The scarcity of scientific knowledge in the area is also likely to be reflected in our present guidelines in assessments of children that display sexually problematic behaviour and in the treatment of child sexual abuse cases [ 6 ]. Of the mothers, April 05, ; Accepted date: One reminder from the researchers was administrated by the school. Six primary schools were chosen according to size and the community area where they were situated in order to get a socio-economic spread. It has questions on nine different domains as boundary problems: The research has therefore largely been focused on depicting the negative effects of sexual abuse, with far fewer studies focused on normative childhood sexuality, especially among younger children. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A normal reaction among children is embarrassment when an adult finds them playing sexual games or exploring each other. Reprod Sys Sexual Disorders 1: Those who agreed to include their classes were given further information on the procedures, which included researchers sending additional letters to the parents. This is an age when childhood sexual abuse peaks [ 25 ] and consequently it is important to provide a better basis for determining which sexual behaviours are common and which are uncommon among boys and girls. The school authorities and thereafter the headmasters of each school gave permission to approach the teachers in the selected classes and give information about the study. As the children are socialized, the child learns which are the acceptable behaviours to be shown in different contexts some of the behaviours may be less observable to parents or other adults [ 4 ]. A problematic sexualized behaviour may also be a precursor to sexual offending [ 7 ] or a sign of underlying emotional problems [ 2 ] which is why it is so important for clinicians as well as educators and parents to be able to detect an abnormal or sexualized behaviour compared to a normal sexual behaviour, in order to help the child. An American study found that intentional usage of x-rated material among boys and girls of years of age was linked to self-reported aggressive sexual behaviour [ 21 ]. CBSI has demonstrated adequate reliability and validity [ 19 ] as well as sensitivity and clinical utility. Freidrich [ 20 ] also claims that sexually intrusive behaviour correlates inversely with age. Earlier research indicates that Swedish pre-school children are reported by their parents to exhibit more sexual behaviour than American children of the same age [ 3 ]. Six primary schools were chosen according to size and the community area where they were situated in order to get a socio-economic spread. We found that most sexual behaviours we asked about were reported by the parents as common, and are in part related to, or vary with, age and gender. The parents were asked to rate the frequency of different sexual behaviours seen in the child over the previous six months. The escalating concern about childhood sexual abuse during the past 20 years has evoked a tendency to view any sexual expression in children as evidence that the child has been a victim of sexual abuse [ 17 ]. Friedrich [ 19 ] also showed that sexual abuse characteristics were related to the CSBI total score for the child. Results of earlier research all point to the importance of context in assessing the nature of sexual behaviour in children [ 1 , 20 ]. Age also seems to be a crucial factor, influencing exactly when and where children, as a result of the socialisation process and knowledge of cultural norms and taboos, learn which behaviours are accepted and which are not [ 17 ]. The lack of previous studies of normal sexual behaviour in the age group years was the driving force behind this study. To investigate sexual behaviours, types and frequencies, among Swedish children in the age group of years, as observed and reported by their parents and to give professionals in different areas a greater knowledge of sexual behaviour among younger school children. CSBI was developed to assess children who have been sexually abused or are suspected of having been sexually abused. A small number of sexual behaviours often referred to as problematic behaviour were found to be very unusual in this normative group of Swedish children. We are fully aware that child sexual behaviour is sometimes hidden from parents so what we can describe is the reported observations of the parents and not the whole truth about the sexual behaviours in this age group. Of the mothers, The response rate was A second letter outlining the background and aim of the study was sent with the questionnaire. In this study we only used the CSBI questions as a basis for frequency calculations of different behaviours in children aged and not as a scale with subscales.
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